Egypt

explore the best
of Egypt

Egypt is definitely the worlds best dive destination. Diving in Egypt offers everything from onshore dive sites to distant Islands, shallow reefs to spectacular vertical drop offs, ancient ship wrecks and yet to be discovered treasures. The sheer number of dive sites is mind boggling . Our list of itineraries will provide you with all kinds of dive adventures for you to choose from. Weather you like ship wrecks, reefs, sharks or a pleasant mix of them all; you will find what you need here.

The marine life in Egypt can only be described as glorious. Egypt has been blessed with an amazing eco system which has shown incredible resilience to the effects of coral bleaching. Also in the early 1990’s an NGO was formed to protect the marine environment from common modern plagues such as over fishing and waste dumping. This organisation, called HEPCA was founded by a small group of concerned divers and has grown into an internationally recognised partner in environmental protection which is accredited to installing the world’s largest ever mooring system.
In terms of accessibility Egypt is easy to get to from anywhere in Europe, Russia, Ukraine and even China due to the abundant scheduled and charter flights.
Hint: For pure ship wreck divers try out the northern routes! For shark lovers, have a look see at our itineraries that include Daedelous Reef!
When: When: M.V Liberty is based in Egypt except for December through to Mid May when we are exploring Djibouti and Sudan

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The far Northern Red Sea is a bottle neck where about 15% of the world's shipping trade passes through since the Suez Canal was built.

There are MANY ships sunken there which are dying to be re-discovered.

What is VERY surprising is that so the vast majority of people are under the impression that the Red Sea has been discovered and uncovered by everyone. While in actual fact; there are still hundreds of dives out there yet to be conquered !

So come join us on this amazing adventure!


the dive sites


The Aboudy was located on September 13th 2005 by Peter Collings and members of Bromley BS-AC.


Constructed: 1960 (Germany)
Wrecked: 1988
Length of ship: 76m (250ft)
Wreck location: Ras Gharib, Egypt.
Depth range of wreck: surface 10m

 

The Wreck Today

The wreck lies on its port side in a north south attitude with the bows to the north and her keel to seaward.

The bridge and superstructure are located aft and have collapsed. The holds, which run continuously through the ship, still contain some of her cargo - hundreds of 120ml bottles of cough medicine lie in the silt and the surrounding sand, and long lengths of aluminium extrusion lie in twisted heaps. Two huge and very photogenic A-frame derricks run horizontal, flanking the holds. A radio mast runs out from the bridge area. The fo’c’sle has evidence of other items of cargo stored there. Handrails and flagstaffs are intact, and several bulk head lamps can still be seen. The prop and rudder are still in place in only 7 metres of water. Several mast lamps, complete with lenses, remain in their appropriate place.

Given the shallow depth there is plenty of time to explore this fascinating shipwreck - with the bonus of strong sunlight and varied marine life which includes shoaling barracuda and fusiliers, emperor angle fish, crocodile fish, torpedo rays as well as encrusting corals and sponges on the hull and fittings. However, the site is subject to swell as the seabed is sandy and visibility can be greatly reduced in poor weather.

S.S Turkia

The TURKIA has the potential for being the new Thistlegorm. A very similar vessel to the Thistlegorm, she was also sunk by explosion and was also carrying war materials. The wreck is diveable all year round and attracts an amazing amount of marine life. Currently well out of the range of most safari boats, she is without doubt one of the very best wrecks found in sport diving depths in Egyptian waters.


The Ship

Built in Hull (England) in 1909 as the LIVORNO (2), she was a schooner rigged steam cargo ship of 1671 tonnes gross, 300ft long and a 42 ft beam. Clinker built by Earles Shipbuilding and Engineering Co. (yard no. 562), she was fitted with a reciprocating, triple expansion steam engine and able to make 9.5 knots. She has 4 bulkheads and a cruiser stern, single shaft and propeller. She was built for Thomas Wilson Sons & Co, again of Hull.

Upon completion in 1910, she was deployed in a variety of trades, serving between Hull, London and the Adriatic in her first year. In 1911 between Hull, Constantinople, Novorossick and Odessa and between St Petersburg and Cronstadt. In 1916 she was employed in the Hull–Trieste run. On the eve of the start of WW1 she was engaged in the Manchester-Liverpool to St Petersburg, Revel/Riga trade, making 6 voyages in all. After the war she was involved in a variety of routes carrying perishable fruits and bulk cargos such as coal.


Constructed: 1909-1910 (Hull, England)
Wrecked: 1941
Length of ship: 91m (300ft)
Wreck location: near Zafarana Lighthouse, Gulf of Suez, Egypt.
Depth range of wreck: 10m to 24m

 

Right image: The Turkia wreck is located a long way up the Gulf of Suez, well out of range of most Red Sea safari boats from Sharm El Sheikh or Hurghada.


Final Voyage

The Turkia's final voyage began in New York in May 1941, where she was loaded with a full cargo of 'government stores' - she was bound for Piraeus (Greece). The cargo included explosives, tyres, coils of wire, ingots, vehicles and firearms.

There are two conflicting reports of her sinking:

i) "Bombed off Zafarana Light 2 miles S.E. May 14th 1941"..."Destroyed by fire and explosion near Zafarana Light Gulf of Suez, after being abandoned by her crew when on passage from New York to Piraeus with general cargo and explosives."

ii) "17/May/1941 she had a fire in no. 3 hold where explosives were stored (she was carrying explosives and general cargo) and the fire was beyond control so the vessel was abandoned. 10 minutes later there was a large explosion and the vessel sank in 12 fathoms. Nothing was being done to salvage as no competent salvage service was available at Port Said." Source: Anne Crowe, Lloyds.

This would explain why she is not in Lloyds War Losses records as it sounds like an accident rather than enemy action. Indeed the hull would appear to be intact and she looks as if she has settled slowly and upright.


Due to the Straits of Gibraltar being closed off by enemy forces, her journey entailed entering the Red Sea at its southern end. She entered the Gulf of Suez and was proceeding north when, just off the lighthouse at Zafarana, fire broke out in number 3 hold and due to the nature of her cargo she was abandoned. 10 minutes later she was rocked by an explosion and settled upright in 12 fathoms. Due to the lack of facilities at Suez no salvage was attempted. Due to the nature of her sinking she does not appear as a casualty of war, merely a wartime loss.


The Discovery

Peter recounts his story: "Browsing through the wartime records I came across two separate entries for the sinking of the Turkia. One stated she had been attacked and bombed by enemy aircraft the other stated that she had sunk due to an internal explosion. Both agreed about her position – near Zafarana Lighthouse in the Gulf of Suez, a long way north of RAS GARIB, our most northerly exploration of the Gulf of Suez so far.

November 2006: I traveled to the area to seek local knowledge in order to establish a more precise location of the wreck. A fisherman claimed to know her position. I decided to enlist the help of my good friend Basim and put together a road trip from Sharm. At Zafrana the only means of putting to sea available was a disused glass bottom boat, lying on the beach at the Zafarana Hotel. A 10 minute journey took us to the target area, and with the shallow seabed of sand (24 metres depth) the shadow of the wreck was eventually located, rising up to within 10 metres of the surface."


The Wreck Today

The wreck sits upright on sand in 24 metres depth, with the bow facing towards the shore. The hull is intact, although some areas have holes appearing in the upper sections. Both masts have been cut below the water line and lie off to the side of the wreck. The surrounding seabed is littered with debris from the wreck and is patrolled by Jacks and Travellies.


The bow sits proud, bathed in sunlight and is straight raked - the same vintage as the Rosalie Moller. Clouds of fairley basslets swarm over the fo’c’lse head with its access hatches, hawse pipes, panama eye, triple cleats and windlass. Three deck houses sit at the aft section of the fo’c’sle, and there are coils of wire and vehicle tyres littered around. Mussels encrust most of the raised structures.


Entry into the fo’c’sle head can also be accessed from the main deck and leads to the sea mans quarters - where bed frames can still be found.

Holds 1 and 2 have two ‘tween decks with large numbers of tyres on the upper shelves. The deeper section of the holds contain wooden crates, some containing hundreds of brass detonator caps. There are also hundreds of heavy rubber bases, their purpose as yet not known. Winches flank the holds, and in the second hold there are several vehicles, heavily encrusted, but appear to be cabs with extended chassis, possibly tank transporters.


The superstructure has external companionways, all the wood having long since gone, the rooms are easily entered. The saloon sits below the chart room, with a corridor running port to starboard. Flanking the engine house, running aft on the starboard side is the 1st mates room, bathroom, 2nd & 3rd mates accommodation, chief engineers quarters and finally the cooks quarters.
On the port side are the stewards quarters followed by the pantry, galley, and 2nd & 3rd engineers quarters. All are easy to enter and explore. The accommodation areas are littered with crockery and bottles; various inscriptions help to confirm her last port of call; "FLORIDA WATER, MURRAY & LANMAN, DRUGISTS, NEW YORK" and
"SLOANS LINIMENT, MADE IN THE USA".

The engine room, located amidships, is easy to access through several openings. The skylights above allow natural light to filter down into the interior. Experienced divers can descend two flights of stairs, passed the triple expansion steam cylinder heads. In the deepest part of the engine room (24m) are the repeater telegraphs and gauges, their dials obscured by years of concretion. Silt is slowly building up covering the floor in a layer over a foot thick. A platform of grating walkways forms a gallery around the cylinder head, with an auxiliary boiler aft. The gallery around the engine room offers some great photographic subjects bathed in strong natural light-here the depth is only 12 mtrs, and there is very little silt.

Behind the engine house there is access into the no. 3 cargo hold, again with 2 ‘tween decks with more of her general cargo in view. Number 4 hold is totally full of mortar shells, which have totally concreted into the hold, still in their cases, the outlines of which can still be made out. Behind this hold is a narrow hold giving access to the stern store rooms, and steering house. The steering quadrant is located on the poop deck and nearby a coral encrusted compass binnacle stands proud.


The cruiser/ fan-tailed stern leads down to her rudder and prop - shrouded with a fishing net at the time of writing - the prop blades are covered with soft corals.

The wreck is covered in a unique eco system of soft fan corals, nudibranchs and schooling reef fishes. Large schools of juvenile yellow tailed barracuda swarm over the wreck, cascading in an endless waterfall over the sides of the ship, down to the sea bed and back over the deck, often blotting out the sunlight.

There would appear to be little or no current over the wreck site.

The Bakr

The Bakr
The Bakr was a 49 metre, 416 ton, survey vessel built in Kiev by Leninskaya Kuznitzal, for the United Arab Republic General Petroleum Co. She was sunk at Ras Gharib by Israeli missiles on October 14th 1973 during the Yom Kippur War.
Discovery of the Wreck

In March 2006 the wreck was discovered sitting upright on a sandy seabed just of the headland at Ras Gharib, in 12 mitres of water. Identification of the wreck was made easy by the name embossed on her stern and her bow. Except for the damage caused by the missiles the hull appears intact, and it is possible to enter the hull and investigate the interior of the vessel.

Constructed: not known (Kiev, USSR)
Wrecked: 1973
Length of ship: 49m (160ft)
Wreck location: Ras Gharib, Egypt.
Depth range of wreck: Surface to 12m

 

The Wreck Today

All around the wreck are the day to day artifacts of the working life of a survey vessel. Winches cable drums, generators and fittings.

Her booms are still in an outward position as if she was towing arrays at the time of her sinking.

The bow is an impressive sight, bathed in strong sunlight in only a few metres of water, her anchor winch still in place. It would appear that the wreck has been swept to the waterline.

The Gulf of Suez is an absolute gold mine for wreck exploration!
We will be doing numerous exploration trips to this area hoping to uncover new ship wrecks lost in time.

 Another interesting exploration point in the Gulf of Suez are the abundant and long derelict oil platforms. They encrusted in Coral and have made an excellent hide away for all species of marine life.